Wednesday, August 25, 2010
Seventy-two bodies discovered at a ranch in northeast Mexico belonged to migrants who were making their way toward the United States
The preliminary investigation indicates the victims were illegal immigrants from Honduras, El Salvador, Brazil and Ecuador. The motive for the killings was under investigation, though officials pointed out that Mexico's drug cartels have expanded their activities to include extortion and kidnapping of immigrants. The bodies of the 58 men and 14 women were found above ground in a structure on the ranch, which is about 14 miles from the town of San Fernando, near the border with Texas. The Mexican navy, which was called in to investigate the case, said it is one of the largest discoveries of bodies in Mexico's 4-year-old war on organized crime. Members of the Mexican navy were tipped off to the site after a man with a gunshot wound approached a military roadblock. The man said he had been injured by a criminal gang, according to a statement released by the navy. Mexico's attorney general's office identified the man as an Ecuadorean immigrant with a bullet wound to the neck. After the gun battle, authorities said, they found a stash of weapons, including 21 rifles, camouflage uniforms, bulletproof vests and four trucks. One of the vehicles had been disguised to look like a truck from the Ministry of National Defense, officials said. "This discovery once again demonstrates the extreme danger and violence that Central Americans face on their treacherous journey north, as well as Mexican authorities' abject failure to protect them," Amnesty International said. "Mexico must immediately investigate this massacre, bring the perpetrators to justice and establish the identities of those killed so that their families can be informed." This gruesome discovery came about a month after authorities in the neighboring state of Nuevo Leon discovered 51 bodies in nine mass graves. In that instance, investigators found charred remains, incinerated bone fragments and stains of fire on the ground where bodies were presumably burned in steel drums. The bodies were mostly males between age 20 and 50. Many of them had tattoos. Similar mass graves have been discovered in the Mexican states of Guerrero and Quintana Roo since late May 2010. Authorities have linked them to Mexico's ongoing drug war. Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, which border Texas, have seen a marked increase in drug violence in 2010 due to an intensifying rivalry between the Gulf cartel and the Zetas gang, which was formerly the cartel's armed branch. Recently, authorities found the bound and blindfolded body of Edelmiro Cavazos Leal, the mayor of a city in Nuevo Leon. He had been abducted two days earlier. His body was found on the outskirts of the city of Santiago, where Cavazos was mayor. There were signs of torture. News reports indicate that officials believe the Zetas ordered Cavazos killed. Five police officers and a transit worker were arrested in connection with the slaying. More than 28,000 people have died in drug-related incidents since December 2006. About 90% of the fatalities have been among cartel members and other criminals.